The tractor is powered by a John Deere iTorque™ power system, a combination of engine features and an exclusive hood design that provides superior lugging ability, even cooling, and durability.
Key engine features include:
A flywheel alternator provides plenty of capacity to quickly recharge the battery and power electrical equipment, such as lights or a sprayer:
Large fuel tank and convenient fuel gauge minimize the number of stops for fuel and chance of running out of fuel:
The 42-in. (107-cm) Accel Deep Mower Deck provides the performance advantages of a two-spindle mower in a wide 42-in. (107-cm) size:
The 42-in. (107-cm) Accel Deep mower deck is a stamped-steel, deep, flat-top design that delivers excellent cut quality, productivity, cleanliness, durability, and versatility. Optimal performance and dispersion of clippings is provided, even at faster mowing speeds:
Deep mower-deck stamping gives excellent cut quality. It allows the cut and suspended material room to exit the deck without getting recut:
Deep mower-deck stamping gives high productivity, which gets the job done fast. It allows the cut and suspended material room to exit the deck quickly, reducing the amount of re-cutting so more power is available to process incoming grass:
Large discharge opening is both high and wide to handle more material:
The flat-top shape of the deck stamping is optimal for keeping itself and the operator clean:
Cleaning a mower deck, both top and bottom, is one of the most frequent maintenance activities:
A wash port is provided to make cleaning the underside of the mower deck easy.
The 42A mower deck has strong spindle pockets, to keep the blades aligned, even after years of tough service:
Mower wheels are double-captured:
Low-tension belt-drive design reduces the side load on the engines lower bearing and mower deck bearings for longer life.
Rolled outer edge of the deck provides extra strength and protection.
Dual-stage E-coat and powder-paint coatings provide extra protection from rust.
The 42A Mower Deck is designed for excellent versatility:
A MulchControl attachment for the 42A Mower Deck makes mulching more practical for many mowing situations because it not only does an excellent job of mulching but it also allows the mower to be easily converted for times when it is more desirable to side discharge the lawn material. Advantages of mulching grass clippings include:
MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:
MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:
While in the side-discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side-discharge mode is essentially a partial-mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:
An optional 7-bu (247-L) cut-and-throw rear bagger material collection system (MCS) is available for use with the 42-in. (107-cm) Accel Deep Mower. It provides an efficient means of collecting grass clippings and leaves.
The hopper design provides modern styling, great bagging performance, cleaner operation, and easy-to-empty bags:
High-lift bagging blades are included with the bagger chute. They provide optimum performance when bagging in difficult conditions, such as when the grass is moist, dense, or long:
Mulching blades are included with the MulchControl attachment. They can be used for mulching, side discharging, and bagging in most conditions.
Mower blade use chart
|Mode(s) of operation||Mower blade|
|Side discharging mode only||M170639 side-discharge blade (shipped with mower)|
|Bagging mode only||GX25668 bagging blade (shipped with BG20754 rear bagger chute)|
|Mulching mode only||M170642 mulching blade (shipped with BM24794 lever-action and BUC10164 electric one-touch MulchControl)|
|Side discharge and mulching||M170642 mulching blade (shipped with BM24794 lever-action and BUC10164 electric one-touch MulchControl)|
|Side discharge and bagging||GX25668 bagging blade (shipped with BG20754 rear bagger chute)|
|Side discharge, mulching, and bagging||M170642 mulching blade (shipped with BM24794 lever-action and BUC10164 electric one-touch MulchControl)|
Lever-action or electric one-touch MulchControl attachment is available for Accel Deep™ 42-in. (107-cm) (42A), 48-in. (122-cm) (48A), and 54-in. (137-cm) (54A) Mower Decks used on ZTrak™ Mowers, S240 Tractors, and X300 and X500 Select Series™ Tractors.
MulchControl enhances versatility and productivity. A mower deck equipped with MulchControl not only does an excellent job of mowing and mulching, but it can also be quickly converted from side discharging to mulching or vice versa:
Electric one-touch MulchControl has the additional advantage of being controlled from the tractor seat by a switch on the dash to operate an electric actuator that moves the baffle to close off the discharge area of the mower deck.
A mower equipped with a MulchControl attachment delivers unprecedented levels of productivity and versatility. The operator has the ability to quickly change between side discharging and mulching. A heavy-duty baffle opens and closes to convert the mower from side discharge mode to mulch mode or vice versa.
MulchControl is an innovative, simple design that is easy to use and maintain:
MulchControl is well-suited to the following mowing situations:
MulchControl puts the operator in control of the clippings. The operator can have all the benefits of mulching with the ability to easily change to side discharging when desired.
Advantages of MulchControl include:
While in the side discharge mode, MulchControl will still mulch about one third of the material. Therefore, the side discharge mode is essentially a partial mulch mode. This can be an advantage when side discharging or bagging, as it helps to reduce the amount of material being discharged. Other times this could work as a disadvantage:
Each MulchControl attachment includes everything needed: baffles and mulch blades for all attachments, and the actuator, wiring, and switches for the electric one-touch attachments.
|BM24794||42A MulchControl (lever action)||X300 Series Tractors, Z300 Series ZTrak Mowers|
|BM24993||48A MulchControl (lever action)||S240 Lawn Tractor, X300 and X500 Series Tractors, Z300 and Z500 Series ZTrak Mowers|
|BM24994||54A MulchControl (lever action)||X300 and X500 Series Tractors, Z300 and Z500 Series ZTrak Mowers|
|BUC10164||42A electric one-touch MulchControl||X300 Series Tractors*|
|BUC10165||48A electric one-touch MulchControl||X300 and X500 Series Tractors*|
|BUC10166||54A electric one-touch MulchControl||X300 and X500 Series Tractors*|
*NOTE: Model year 2016-2017 X300 and X500 Series Tractors (X300 serial number 10,001-50,000 and X500 serial number 110,001-130,000) require replacing the tractor wiring harness and dash panel to use an electric MulchControl attachment.
An advantage of lawn tractors is their ability to use equipment for snow removal. Lawn tractor owners can add a John Deere snow blower or front blade to make quick work of moving snow whenever the need arises. Weather enclosure and tire-chain attachments add comfort and performance.
Equipment available for snow removal includes:
A heavy-duty sector and pinion steering system with quality bearings provides easy and precise control for the life of the tractor:
Easy steering is important for an enjoyable mowing experience:
The Tuff Torq® hydrostatic transaxle encloses the hydrostatic pump and motor rotator groups in the same housing with the differential and axle housings. This design is very efficient and reduces the number of sealing surfaces to minimize the potential for leakage.
Combined with the foot controls, the hydrostatic transmission functions similarly to that of an automatic transmission in an automobile, so the term automatic is often used to describe it:
A freewheeling valve control is conveniently located near the tractor rear hitch plate for good visibility and easy operation.
Kanzaki and Tuff Torq are trademarks of Kanzaki Kokyukoki Manufacturing Company.
The contoured dash has clean, attractive styling and ergonomic controls for easy use:
Instrument display has the look and feel of a modern automobile. A power-up sequence cycles lights and gauges to indicate they are working:
Twin Touch foot pedals control the speed and direction of travel:
Cruise control is standard equipment:
A rotary dial knob makes adjusting the mower cut height quick and easy:
Storage for the onboard deck-leveling gauge and the Exact Adjust tool is provided in the storage tray under the tractor’s seat:
Deck-leveling gauge is placed at the appropriate location under the left rear, right rear, and front of the mower deck as the cut height is adjusted using the Exact Adjust tool and front draft arm adjusting nuts.
Pushing with the foot to raise the mower or implement is less strenuous for many operators than using a hand-lift lever:
NOTE: The adjustable lift-assist spring is standard equipment on tractors with manual foot-lift system that are shipped with the 48-in. (122-cm) and 54-in. (137-cm) side-discharge mowers, and an option for tractors shipped with 42-in. (107-cm) mowers. It is a recommended option for foot-lift tractors sold with the 42-in. (107-cm) mulch mower.
Depressing the brake pedal applies internal wet-disk brakes, which provide better reliability and longer life than external brakes, for safe stopping.
The parking brake control is conveniently located for easy access. It holds the brake pedal securely in the locked position.
The heavy-duty electric PTO clutch is operated with a convenient dash-mounted switch.
The PTO clutch is designed to operate through many on/off cycles.
CAUTION: Children or bystanders may be injured by rotating blades. Before traveling forward or rearward:
NOTE: Operating the mower while backing up is strongly discouraged. RIO should be used only when operating another attachment or when the operator deems it necessary to reposition the machine with the mower engaged.
The frame is made of heavy formed and welded steel, reinforced in critical areas for even greater strength:
Front axle is made of nodular cast iron:
A replaceable bushing is used at axle mounting:
Front steering spindle diameter is 0.75 in. (19 mm) for strength and long life:
A heavy-duty equipment mounting system is used:
Smooth, rounded contours present a modern, styled appearance:
Headlights are standard equipment on all models:
The operator station is designed for operator comfort and ease of using controls:
An open-back 15-in. (38-cm) high-back seat provides a comfortable, smooth ride and good support for the operator:
The seat suspension is adjustable, without tools, for the weight of the operator:
A cup holder and tool tray are located on the fender for operator convenience:
A removable plug on the console, in front of the operator, provides a convenient location for the optional 12-V outlet and makes installation easy.
A mid-vehicle, 12-V fast connector, located under the tractor’s fuse box, is included as standard equipment to reduce initial installation time for some attachments that operate on 12-V power from the tractor:
The one-piece hood opens easily to permit checking and servicing the engine:
The engine fuel and oil filters, the oil check/fill tube, and the oil drain tube are exposed for serviceability when the hood is opened.
A mower deck must be level side-to-side and properly adjusted front-to-rear to give the best cutting performance. A removable onboard deck-leveling gauge and a hex-key tool are provided to make adjustment easy. They are securely stored under the tractor seat.
Exact Adjust leveling ports are provided on each side of the operator platform above the mower-level adjusting bolts. With the hex-shaped tool, they provide convenient access to allow quick and easy adjustment of the mower for the best-cut quality of cut.
The Exact Adjust feature is standard on all Select Series™ X300 and X500 Tractors:
Consult the operator's manual for the correct adjusting procedures for each tractor model. Basic adjusting steps to properly level the mower deck include:
NOTE: The adjusting tool supplied with the tractor is an 8-mm ball-hex key, part number M162737. The rounded end allows for some misalignment with the bolt as the deck is adjusted.
Keep a John Deere riding lawn mower running its best and know how it mows with the John Deere MowerPlus app. Simply scan the lawn tractor’s barcode to get custom information. The app helps determine the best time to mow, communicates expert pre-mow tips, offers maintenance reminders, and provides walk-through guides.
Look for the MowerPlus app on the mobile device’s app store.
The app supports residential lawn equipment such as 100 Series, S240, X300, X500, X700, Z200 through Z600, and many similarly-sized older products. It does not presently support tractor models numbered 1000 and larger, such as 1025R.
NOTE: Some product image variation may exist.
Also available is the John Deere MowerPlus smart connector (sold separately).
The John Deere MowerPlus smart connector wirelessly links a Select Series™ X300 or X500 Tractor to the MowerPlus app on a mobile device. The smart connector transmits engine usage to the app, making it easy to track maintenance intervals. It also transmits the fuel level to the app—when thinking ahead about Saturday morning mowing, the operator can make sure the tractor is fueled and ready to go.
Lawn Tractor with 42-inch Deck
|Engine power||18.5 hp
|Transaxle type||K46 hydrostatic integrated with transaxle|
|Transaxle control||Twin Touch™ pedals|
|Steering type||Manual, sector and pinion|
|Lift system type||Foot pedal with optional adjustable spring assist kit|
|Cutting width||Accel Deep™ mower deck, 42 cm
|SSA Warranty||24 months/1500 hours bumper-to-bumper* (*Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model.)|
|Displacement||36.8 cu in.
|Type||Overhead valve, full-pressure lube, oil filter|
|Cylinders||V-twin, cast-iron liners|
|Choke/speed control||Separate levers, automatic choke return|
|Air cleaner||Dry, replaceable with foam precleaner|
|Oil drain||No tools|
|Fuel delivery||Pulse pump, carburetor|
|Fuel gauge||Gauge on dash|
|Fuel tank location||Rear|
|Fuel fill opening||On left fender, 3 in.
|Fuel tank capacity||3.3 U.S. gal.
|Charging system||Flywheel alternator, regulated, 15 amp|
|Headlights||Two standard, incandescent, 27 W|
|Taillights or reflector||No|
|Rear work lights||No|
|Type||K46 hydrostatic integrated with transaxle|
|Control||Twin Touch™ pedals|
|Cruise control||Yes, button on dash|
|Oil cooler||Fins and fan on transaxle|
|Oil filter||Internal, not replaceable|
|Forward speed||0-5.5 mph
|Reverse speed||0-4 mph
|Brakes||Internal wet disc|
|Weight bracket||Standard rear, optional front|
|Front axle||Cast iron front axle, front wheel ball bearings|
|Hood material||Molded-in color hood material reduces sound, will not rust or dent|
|Fender deck material||Stamped steel|
|Floor mats\||Sure-grip rubber|
|Storage||On fender and under seat|
|Service interval decal||Yes|
|Equipment mounting||Yes, heavy duty|
|Type||Manual, sector and pinion|
|Four-wheel steer||Not available on this model|
|Steering wheel||Large, 14 in.
|Tilt steering wheel||No|
|Turning radius||16 in.
|Uncut circle radius||26 in.
|Type||Open-back design with grasp|
|Seat back height||15 in.
|Fore-aft adjustment||While seated, slide rail, 14-position, 7 in.
|Seat suspension||Tilt, two coil springs, three-position no-tools adjustment for operator weight|
|Type||Foot pedal with optional adjustable spring assist kit|
|Mower cut height||13 positions, 1-4 in.
|Cut height increments||0.25 in.
|Preset cut height||Yes|
|Cutting width||Accel Deep™ mower deck, 42 in.
|Construction||Stamped steel deck shell|
|Mower deck material||12 gauge
|Mower wash port||Yes|
|Mower drive system||Electric power take-off (PTO) clutch, in-line belt|
|Mower wheel adjustment||Four-position, tool required|
|Mower level adjustment||Exact Adjust ports and onboard deck-leveling gauge|
|Type||Slide under tractor|
|Front draft arms\||Attached with spring pins at two points|
|Rear draft arms||Two pins and spring clips|
|Mower wheels rotate||No|
|Drive system||Single belt|
|Meets ANSI standard||Yes|
|Meets OPEI standard||Yes|
|Notes||One-piece hood for easy service access, molded-in color hood material reduces sound and will not rust or dent
Durable E-coat primer and powder-paint finish
|Warranty||24 months/1500 hours bumper-to-bumper* (*Term limited to years or hours used, whichever comes first, and varies by model.)|
|Rear bagger||2-bag, 7 bu
|Mulching system||Yes, MulchControl™|
|Front thatcher||38, 46, 54 in.
96.5, 116.8, 137.2 cm
|Front blade||44 in.
|Snow blower||Two-stage, 44 in.
|Sprayer||Tow-behind, 15 U.S. gal.
Tow-behind, 25 U.S. gal.
Mounted, 25 U.S. gal.
|Spreader||Tow-behind, 125 lb
Tow-behind, 175 lb
Mounted, 125 lb
|Front bumper||Styled bumper option|
|Weather protection||Weather enclosure|
|Bucket holder||Yes, double bucket|
|Grass striping||Lawn striping kit|
|Tractor shovel||40 in.
|Overall length||72 in.
|Width with mower||50.5 in.
|Width with mower (deflector raised for storage)||50.5 in.
|Width without mower||38 in.
|Weight||Mower, no fuel, 543 lb
|Date collected||15 March 2018|
*Manufacturer's suggested price. MSRP may be different in California. Taxes, freight, setup, and delivery not included. Optional accessories and attachments not included. Equipment, models and prices may vary by dealer. Product options and accessories may not be available in all regions. The engine horsepower and torque information are provided by the engine manufacturer to be used for comparison purposes only. Actual operating horsepower and torque will be less. Refer to the engine manufacturer’s website for additional information. Offers valid in the United States. Prices in U.S. dollars.
Product features subject to change. Please contact your local dealer for more detailed information.